Members of the Amhara Special Force return to the Dansha Mechanized 5th division Military base after fighting against the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), in Danasha, Amhara region near a border with Tigray, Ethiopia November 9, 2020. Photograph:( Reuters )
This has raised fears of a wider conflict in Africa
Ethiopia's Tigray region has claimed responsibility for rocket strikes on airport in Eritrea, a country bordering Ethiopia. This has raised fears of a wider conflict in Africa that started with one between Ethiopia and its own Tigray region. AFP quoted diplomats on Saturday to say that multiple rockets had struck Eritrea's capital Asmara and landed near the airport.
The conflict between Ethiopia and Tigray region has already caused a humanitarian crisis that has seen more than 14,000 people fleeing their homes to neighbouring Sudan, a country that is not fully equipped to handle the population.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced November 4 he had ordered military operations in Tigray in a dramatic escalation of a long-running feud with the region's ruling party, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF).
"Ethiopian forces are also using the airport of Asmara," TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael told AFP Sunday, saying this made the airport a "legitimate target" for the strikes.
He added that his forces had also been fighting "16 divisions" of Eritrean forces in recent days "in several fronts".
The TPLF has previously accused Abiy's government of enlisting military support from Eritrea, something Ethiopia denies.
There was no immediate response from the Eritrean or Ethiopian governments on Sunday.
It was not clear how many rockets were fired on Saturday night, where in Tigray they were fired from, whether they hit their targets or what damage they inflicted.
The United States embassy in Asmara posted an advisory to its website Sunday about "a series of loud noises" at around 7:50 pm Saturday night.
"Unconfirmed reports indicate they may have been explosive devices believed to be in the vicinity of the Asmara International Airport. There are no indications the airport was struck," the advisory said.
The TPLF dominated Ethiopian politics for nearly three decades and fought a brutal 1998-2000 border war with Eritrea that left tens of thousands dead.
Abiy came to power in 2018 and won the Nobel Peace Prize the following year in large part for his effort to initiate a rapprochement with Eritrea.
Hundreds of people are reported to have been killed so far in the conflict in Africa's second most populous country, some in a gruesome massacre documented last week by Amnesty International.
Over 20,000 Ethiopians have fled as refugees into Sudan, a figure that continues to rise, Sudanese officials say.
Among them are Ethiopians returning to camps where they and their families sought refuge from devastating famine decades ago.
To cross the river at the two countries' border, they climb into small boats crammed with other exhausted and terrified Ethiopians seeking safety.
"I am filled with immeasurable sadness, because when I left, 20 years ago, I never thought that I would come back as a miserable refugee," said Gabriel, a 40-year-old farmer who arrived in eastern Sudan this week, asking to be identified by his first name because he feared for his safety.
Back in Ethiopia, the UN is pushing for full humanitarian access to Tigray, where Debretsion says hundreds of thousands have been displaced internally by fighting that has featured multiple rounds of government air strikes.
Ever since Abiy took power in 2018 on the back of anti-government protests, the TPLF has complained of being sidelined and scapegoated for Ethiopia's woes.
The feud grew more intense after Tigray went ahead with its own elections in September -- defying a nationwide ban on all polls imposed because of the coronavirus pandemic -- and tried to brand him an illegitimate ruler.
The immediate catalyst for the military operations in Tigray, Abiy has said, was a TPLF attack on federal military camps.
The TPLF has denied the attack ever occurred, though Abiy's office has seized on a recent interview with Tigrayan media in which a senior TPLF official, Sekuture Getachew, said "it was imperative to take a thunder-like strike".
"Had it not been for the mission maybe Abiy had a chance to command dictatorially for a short term," Sekuture said in the interview, adding that the TPLF now controlled most of the firepower of the Ethiopian military's Northern Command.
Other TPLF leaders have not commented on the interview.
No talks yet
Ethiopian lawmakers have backed a plan to install a caretaker administration in Tigray, and officials have issued arrest warrants for Debretsion and other TPLF leaders.
Abiy's government has said the TPLF needs to be disarmed before negotiations can begin, frustrating world leaders who are calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities.
Meanwhile there continue to be fears the conflict could draw in other regions of Ethiopia.
On Saturday the TPLF claimed responsibility for rocket attacks on two airports in Amhara region, which borders Tigray to the south.