Josh Hazlewood (C) celebrates the dismissal of India's Ajinka Rahane with teammates. Photograph:( AFP )
Cheteshwar Pujara and Rohit Sharma were on 11 and 15 respectively.
India were at a score of 56 runs for the loss of four wickets at lunch on the opening day of the first Test in Adelaide.
Australia grabbed three early wickets, including the prized scalp of star batsman Virat Kohli, to have India on the ropes.
After winning the toss on a day when temperatures are forecast to hit 39 Celsius (102 Fahrenheit), the visitors crumbled under an opening barrage from quicks Mitchell Starc, Josh Hazlewood and Pat Cummins.
KL Rahul, who has been struggling for runs, flopped again, caught by Aaron Finch at third slip off Hazlewood for two.
Veteran Murali Vijay, in the side after young gun Prithvi Shaw suffered ankle ligament damage in a warm-up game, didn't last much longer, caught behind by skipper Tim Paine of Starc for 11.
After that, pacer Hazlewood has added more misery to visitors as he sent back India's vice-captain Ajinkya Rahane at a score of 13 runs.
In marched superstar Kohli to a huge roar from the crowd, but a stunning catch by Usman Khawaja at gully off a Pat Cummins delivery saw him back in the pavilion for only three off 16 balls, with India in trouble.
At lunch, Cheteshwar Pujara and Rohit Sharma were on 11 and 15 respectively.
Rohit is playing at number six spot vacated by the injured fast-bowling all-rounder Hardik Pandya, with spin bowling all-rounder Hanuma Vihari missing out.
India have never won a Test series in Australia.