Speaking at an informal meeting of the plenary on the Intergovernmental Negotiations on the increase in the membership of the Security Council at the United Nations General Assembly, India's permanent representative Syed Akbaruddin said,"Reform, we all know, at the UN is a process rather than an event. However, there is no process known to us here that has traversed winding pathways in the manner as this process of the Reform of the Security Council".
He added, "in terms of length, it is unparalleled. In terms of inertia too, it has no peer".
This is not for the first time India has expressed its dissatisfaction at the snail pace of reforms at the world body. India has been working with countries like the G-4 (India, Japan, Brazil and Germany) and L.69 (made up of cross-regional developing countries) to form a consensus for reforms. A large number of countries have supported India's bid for a place at the expanded UNSC including Russia and US.
New Delhi also backed African representation at the UNSC. Syed said,"We vociferously support the call for the reflection of the Common African Position, as specified in the Ezulwini Consensus and Sirte Declaration, in any document under consideration. It is a call to address a long-standing injustice. Africa’s voice cannot be excluded."
Ezulwini Consensus calls for a more democratic UNSC while Sirte Declaration says 2 permanent and 2 non-permanent seats of UNSC should go to Africa. It has been more than ten years since the start of the inter-government negotiation process on the reforms in 2008.
India has already put up its candidacy for the non-permanent seat at UNSC for the term of 2021-2022 which minister of state in the ministry of external affairs General VK Singh in the parliament said will "significantly strengthened India’s claim to permanent membership."
There is another group at the United Nation known as "Uniting for Consensus" (UfC) that has been calling only for the expansion in non-permanent seats at UNSC and has opposed any expansion beyond the current five permanent members of UNSC. Members of the grouping are Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Italy, Malta, Mexico, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Spain and Turkey.
New Delhi has also backed African representation at the UNSC