A brief history of the NSG

The Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj says she has spoken to 23 of the NSG's 48 states, of which 21 back India becoming a member. But that does not matter -- with the way the NSG works, all 48 countries have to agree to admitting a new member. Photograph:( Getty )

WION Delhi, India Jun 20, 2016, 03.46 PM (IST)
By Subuhi Safvi

1974 – India, which is a non-nuclear-weapon state, tests a nuclear device. It demonstrates that nuclear technology transferred for peaceful purposes can be misused

1978 – NSG guidelines are published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

1990 – Non-nuclear states are asked to provide assurances that they will not make nuclear weapons at the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference 

2004 – The NSG adopts a “catch-all” mechanism. This provides a legal basis to control the export of nuclear items that can be used in nuclear weapons programmes

2005 – It is decided that states that supply and receive nuclear items must have appropriate safety fallbacks. 
American President George W Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh issue a joint statement on July 18 laying the ground for the resumption of full US and international nuclear aid to India

2008 - Participating governments adopt a policy of cooperation with the IAEA-safeguarded Indian civil nuclear program

2010 – NSG plenary establishes a technical group to review NSG’s trigger (controlled items) and dual-use (materials that have both nuclear and non-nuclear uses) lists

2011 – NSG agrees to strengthen guidelines for the transfer of sensitive enrichment and reprocessing technologies

2013 – NSG adopts IAEA recommendations for the physical protection of nuclear equipment

2016 – India makes a renewed bid for NSG membership