Lok Sabha polls 2019: Five things that could decide the election

WION Web Team New Delhi, Delhi, India Mar 18, 2019, 02.49 PM(IST)

File photo. Photograph:( AFP )

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The big fight is between the ruling National Democratic Alliance led by Narendra Modi's BJP and the United Progressive Alliance led by Congress.

There is less than a month to go for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, which will be held from April 11 to May 19. The results will be known on May 23. 

The Lok Sabha has 543 elected seats and any party or coalition needs a minimum of 272 MPs to form a government. 

With 90 crore eligible voters, the 2019 general election will be the largest the world has seen.

The big fight is between the ruling National Democratic Alliance led by Narendra Modi's BJP and the United Progressive Alliance led by Congress.

Here are five factors that hold a key position in the Lok Sabha Election 2019. 

Economy

The major weapon against the incumbent government for Lok Sabha Election 2019, is the failure of creating jobs as per the promises made by the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2014. 

The opposition has been alleging that the job creation has drastically deteriorated in the Modi government. 

India’s GDP needs to grow faster than even 7%. For the quarter ended October-December 2018, the growth rate stood at 6.6% and any marked improvement has been ruled out in the ongoing financial quarter as well. 

The 2016 currency ban - locally called 'demonetisation' and decision on goods and services tax will have its effects on upcoming elections.

Rural India

About 80 crores of India’s 133.92 crores population depend on farming for their livelihood. 

A slowdown in India’s rural economy deepened in January, reflecting a crunch on spending by agricultural workers.

Falling rural incomes and farm distress has taken the shine off one of the key achievements of the Modi government.

The farmers have been demanding a special parliament session which would only address the agrarian crisis. 

Thousands of farmers walked to parliament, Ramlila Maidan demanding- implementation of M S Swaminathan report, address the agrarian crisis in parliament and better prices for the crops.

First-time voters and women voters

Over 1.5 crore voters in 18-19 year age group will be eligible to vote for the first time in the seven-phased Lok Sabha election beginning April 11 with Prime Minister Narendra Modi calling upon them to vote in record numbers.

These voters in the age group of 18-19 years constitute 1.66 per cent of the total electorate. All citizens who turned 18 on January 1 this year and registered as electors will get the opportunity to cast their vote in upcoming Lok Sabha and assembly elections.

Women's rising turnout in elections and their growing political assertiveness will again be an important swing factor in the upcoming election.

In the last few years, the concerns regarding women and their issues have gained importance and received attention from the political class, at least in slogans and speeches. Women's issues are key in political manifestoes, though their effectiveness is debatable.

Social media 

At a time when all political parties in India are trying tooth and nail to woo young first-time voters, social media has established itself as a formidable player in the field of politics.

While all the spotlight has been on Facebook, WhatsApp and Twitter in India's 'like' wars in the last few years, Instagram, the Facebook-owned photograph sharing application, has discreetly risen as a critical stage for India's political parties ahead of the 2019 general elections.

National security and Surgical strike

The Pulwama attack and the subsequent Indian Air Force strike on Balakot, in Pakistan, has changed the political scenario of India. Suddenly questions of national security were front and centre. The opposition blames that the Centre ordered the air strike in Pakistan’s Balakot with the “sole purpose” of winning Lok Sabha elections. The BJP has charged the opposition of playing into the hands of Pakistan and demoralizing our armed forces by questioning the number of casualties.