Taliban, Pakistan government must come clean on scope & scale of their destructive relationship: Afghan ex-minister

PTI Washington, USA Mar 14, 2019, 04.34 PM(IST)

Amrullah Saleh. Photograph:( AFP )

Story highlights

'There is a pan-Afghan demand that the issue of the sanctuaries in Pakistan and the support by the Pakistan Army for the Taliban and other terrorist groups... Be included in the agenda (of peace talks),' former interior minister of Afghanistan Amrullah Saleh said.

The issue of Pakistan Army's support to the Taliban and other terror groups should be included in the Afghan peace talks and they must come clean on the scope and scale of their destructive relationship, a top Afghan leader has said.

Earlier this month, a high-powered American delegation led by Special US Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Mamozy Khalilzad held marathon meetings in Doha, Qatar with a high-level Taliban team led by Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar.

The talks have been going on for several days to finalise a draft agreement on a potential foreign troop withdrawal from Afghanistan and to end the 17-year war in the country.

The US and others have long complained that Pakistan provides a safe haven to militant networks, allowing them to carry out cross-border attacks in Afghanistan.

"There is a pan Afghan demand that the issue of the sanctuaries in Pakistan and the support by the Pakistan Army for the Taliban and other terrorist groups... Be included in the agenda (of peace talks)," former interior minister of Afghanistan Amrullah Saleh told a Washington audience.

"The Taliban and Pakistan government must come clean on the scope and scale of their destructive relationship. All dark layers of this bloody conflict which has left deep scars in the body and the psyche of our nation has to be addressed and our allies must stand on our side in honour of our continued sacrifices so we discuss these matters ourselves," he said in his address to the Hudson Institute think-tank.

The prepared remarks of Saleh were read by Husain Haqqani, the former Pakistan ambassador to the US, as he could not come to the US due to 
some last-minute issues.

"We understand that the US has initiated direct talks with the Taliban and Khalilzad tweeted after sixteen days of secret talks in Doha that he has reached an agreement with the Taliban on a draft agreement. Did the Taliban also represent global terrorism in the talks? We don't know," he said.

Saleh, who was country's interior minister from December 2018? January 19, said that there is no substitute and alternative to the direct talks between the Afghan Government and the Taliban.

Without direct participation of the Afghan state negotiation will not only be counterproductive but also in violation of all the UNSC resolutions, Saleh said.

The era of the Taliban regime was an era of ungoverned Afghanistan dark and inaccessible, he said adding that the territory they control today is nothing 
different from the 90s and the harsh rules they enforce has not changed.

"We, therefore, appeal to the world community not to undermine our collective achievements and thus not give un-needed and un-necessary elevation to a terrorist group which has done nothing to prove itself otherwise," Saleh said.

Meanwhile, Afghanistan has slammed the Trump administration for holding direct talks with the Taliban and described it as "surrender discussion" with the terror outfit and warned that such an effort would not result in peace in this war-torn country.

In a hard-hitting speech at the think-tank, the Afghan National Security Advisor Hamdullah Mohib cautioned the US not to take its relationship with Afghanistan for granted as he completely opposed the ongoing direct talks.

"It is not a fixed partnership. It is open to review and should be reviewed as contexts change," he said, adding that there is a much better and less expensive way to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, if that is the objective, rather than surrendering before a terrorist outfit like the Taliban for that purpose.

Mohib warned the United States that peace in Afghanistan will not emerge out of any back-door deal between the Taliban and any entity that is not the Afghan government.

"The Afghan government is the only legitimately elected representative of the Afghan people and there is no substitute for that," he said.

"We will continue to defend our democratic gains whether the US forces stay or withdraw from Afghanistan. And we will not seek a replacement should the United States choose to withdraw. We believe that as long as the threat of terrorism remains a global one, Afghanistan will remain an important ally, and that is not bound to change even if peace with the Taliban is achieved," Mohib said.

The capable Afghan forces, he said are prepared to protect the country.