Astronomers map 1 million space objects that have never been spotted before

WION Web Team
New Delhi, India Published: Feb 26, 2022, 08:52 PM(IST)

A composite radio (red) and the infrared (white) image depicts the Coma cluster, which is over 300 million light-years from Earth and consists of over 1,000 individual galaxies (Image courtesy: Durham University) Photograph:( Others )

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The prominent group of scientists used the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR), a pan-European radio telescope, to map more than a quarter of the northern sky

In a new study, astronomers have mapped 1 million space objects that have never been spotted before.

The research, conducted by Durham University in England in collaboration with a team of international scientists, has been published in 'Astronomy & Astrophysics'.

It reveals an astonishingly detailed radio image of more than 4.4 million objects and a very dynamic picture of our Universe.

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"This project is so exciting to work on. Each time we create a map our screens are filled with new discoveries and objects that have never before been seen by human eyes. Exploring the unfamiliar phenomena that glow in the energetic radio Universe is such an incredible experience and our team is thrilled to be able to release these maps publicly," said astronomer Timothy Shimwell of ASTRON and Leiden University.

He further said, "This release is only 27 per cent of the entire survey and we anticipate it will lead to many more scientific breakthroughs in the future, including examining how the largest structures in the Universe grow, how black holes form and evolve, the physics governing the formation of stars in distant galaxies and even detailing the most spectacular phases in the life of stars in our own Galaxy."

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The prominent group of scientists used the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR), a pan-European radio telescope, to map more than a quarter of the northern sky.

They deployed state-of-the-art data processing algorithms on high-performance computers all over Europe to process 3,500 hours of observations that occupy 8 petabytes of disk space - the equivalent to roughly 20,000 laptops.

This is by far the largest data release from the LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey.

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Durham University scientist, Dr. Leah Morabito, said, "We've opened the door to new discoveries with this project, and future work will follow up these new discoveries in even more detail with techniques, which we work on here at Durham as part of the LOFAR-UK collaboration, to post-process the data with 20 times better resolution."

The research team found about a million objects that have never been seen before with any telescope and almost four million objects that are new discoveries at radio wavelengths.

The vast majority of these objects are billions of light-years away and are either galaxies that harbour massive black holes or are rapidly growing new stars.

Rarer objects that have been discovered include colliding groups of distant galaxies and flaring stars within the Milky Way.

The findings present a major step forward in astrophysics and can be used to search for a wide range of signals, such as those from nearby planets or galaxies right through to faint signatures in the distant Universe.

(With inputs from agencies)

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