He looked in considerable pain but went on playing and scored 117 off 109 balls, India won the match by 36 runs.
Although, he was rested in the second innings and Ravindra Jadeja came out to field.
The latest update is that Dhawan has gone to Leeds for further assessment and he is being assessed by the Indian team's physio Patrick Farhart and that an update will be provided in some time, published the CricketCountry website.
The 33-year-old will miss the next two matches against New Zealand and Pakistan but an official word from India's cricket board is still awaited.
In the absence of Dhawan, KL Rahul, who is India's back-up opener, might open the innings with Rohit Sharma and either Dinesh Karthik and Vijay Shankar will get a chance to play at number four spot.
Dhawan underwent precautionary tests and scans following which the decision was made ahead of India's next game against New Zealand at Trent Bridge on Thursday.
During India's match against Australia on Sunday, Dhawan played through pain after being hit on the thumb by a rising delivery from pacer Nathan Coulter-Nile