World Cup-winner Archer, who starred in World Cup 2019 with his 20 wickets for England, was named in England's squad for the first Ashes Test but was not included in the Playing XI.
But the 24-year-old is expected to make his Test debut next week.
Australia won the first Test by 251 runs and the second match will start from August 14 at Lord's.
England have dropped Moeen Ali and recalled fellow spinner Jack Leach into a 12-man squad for the second Ashes Test.
The World Cup winner in the one-day format are already without the services of James Anderson, their all-time leading Test wicket-taker, as he was ruled out of the second Test with a calf injury after bowling just four overs at Edgbaston.
England squad for Lord's Test:
Rory Burns (Surrey), Jason Roy (Surrey), Joe Root (Yorkshire, capt), Joe Denly (Kent), Jos Buttler (Lancashire), Jonny Bairstow (Yorkshire, wkt), Ben Stokes (Durham), Chris Woakes (Warwickshire), Jofra Archer (Sussex), Stuart Broad (Nottinghamshire), Jack Leach (Somerset), Sam Curran (Surrey)
A Twitter user called England pacer Jofra Archer 'ugly'