Modi's BJP government has already taken a hard line on terrorism — 2018 saw a massive uptick in the number of terrorist and army deaths in Kashmir, and one of the highest number of ceasefire violations along the Line of Control — but experts have said the overtly military approach has not worked.
In recent times, the army has for example had to deal with the problem of civilian populations pelting stones at the armed forces as they take on terrorists.
Modi on Sunday also harked back to the surgical strike saying that with it, "India has shown to the world its new policies (on terrorism)".
Modi was in Jammu and Kashmir to lay the foundation stone for the University of Ladakh. He also inaugurated two All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in the Jammu and Srinagar divisions.
'We will break the backbone of terror in Jammu and Kashmir and fight it with all our might,' Modi said. 'We will tackle every terrorist in a befitting way,' he added.