File photo of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman with PM Modi and Pakistan PM Imran khan. Photograph:( Reuters )
To understand what Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had in mind, one only has to read the joint statements the prince made in Pakistan and then India.
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's visits to Pakistan and then India were dissected and analysed in every aspect — from body language to joint statements to deliverables. With the visit coming just days after the Pulwama attack, New Delhi was clearly focused on terror emanating from Pakistan and sought Riyadh's help to rein in its traditional partner.
What exactly the crown prince had in mind was made clear by the India-Saudi and the Pakistan-Saudi joint statements made. Here is a comparative analysis of the two.
Praises for Modi, Imran
India-Saudi Joint statement: Crown Prince "appreciated consistent efforts made by Prime Minister Modi since May 2014 including his personal initiatives to have friendly relations with Pakistan."
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Crown prince "praised openness and efforts of Prime Minister Imran Khan for dialogue with India and the opening of the Kartarpur crossing point and the efforts exerted by both sides"
India-Pakistan peace process: Creation of conditions vs dialogue only way
India-Saudi Joint statement: Need for creating conditions necessary for resumption of the comprehensive dialogue between India and Pakistan.
Also read: Pakistan needs Saudi Arabia's crutches to survive, but India doesn't
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Dialogue is the only way to ensure peace and stability in the region to resolve outstanding issues.
China's infrastructure project: Respect for sovereignty vs contribution to development
India-Saudi Joint statement: They should be based on international law including respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of states
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Stressed the potential of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which will contribute to the development and prosperity of the region.
UN terror sanctions list: Comprehensive sanctioning vs avoiding politicisation
India-Saudi Joint statement: Underlined the importance of comprehensive sanctioning of terrorists and their organisations by the UN
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Underlined the need for avoiding politicisation of UN listing regime.
Terror: Use of terror vs sacrifices made in war against terror
India-Saudi Joint statement: Both sides called on all states to reject the use of terrorism against other countries; dismantle terrorism infrastructures where they happen to exist and to cut off any kind of support and financing to the terrorists perpetrating terrorism from all territories against other states; and bring perpetrators of acts of terrorism to justice. Both sides called upon all countries to renounce the use of terrorism as an instrument of state policy.
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Commitment to continuing combating extremism and terrorism and expressed their deep appreciation for the achievements and sacrifices made by the two sides in the war against terrorism. They also applauded the martyrs who sacrificed their lives in order to confront this serious scourge.
Investment: $100 bn vs $20 bn
India-Saudi Joint statement: Announcement of His Royal Highness to invest in the areas of energy, refining, petrochemicals, infrastructure, agriculture, minerals and mining, manufacturing, education and health potentially worth in excess of $100 billion.
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement: Royal Highness the Crown Prince and the Prime Minister of Pakistan witnessed the signing of a number of agreements and memorandums of understanding. The total investment opportunities resulted in over US $20 billion
Defence: Make in India, naval exercises vs 'enhancing cooperation'
India-Saudi Joint statement: The two sides agreed to hold the inaugural joint naval exercises at the earliest and agreed to further expand bilateral exercises in other domains. Noting the potential and mutual benefit, the two sides agreed to cooperate and collaborate in joint defence production of spare parts for Naval and Land systems as well as supply chain development, in line with ‘Make in India’ and ‘Vision 2030’.
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement:
Both sides noted with satisfaction their strong defence and security ties and agreed to further enhance cooperation in this field to advance shared objectives.
Israel/Palestine: India, Pak back Riyadh's Arab peace initiative
India-Saudi Joint statement: The two sides expressed their hope for achieving a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East based on the Arab Peace Initiative and the relevant UN resolutions, to guarantee the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.
Pakistan-Saudi Joint statement:The two sides expressed their hope for achieving a fair, comprehensive and long-lasting peace in the Middle East in accordance with the Arab Peace Initiative and the resolutions of international legitimacy guaranteeing the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, including the establishment of an independent and viable Palestinian state based on internationally agreed standards 1967 with Jerusalem as its capital.