And 35 per cent of them are far-sighted Photograph:( WION Web Team )
A driver with visual impairment has a crash involvement rate of 81 per cent. ||Drivers with poor vision are responsible for almost 30 per cent of road accidents. ||Color blindness and glare blindness is another rising issue that is responsible for accidents.
New Delhi, the capital city of India is one of the busiest city in the country. Delhi over the years has experienced spectacular growth in population due to the constant influx of people from neighbouring states such as Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, in search of employment and business.
Growth in population has created demand for transportation and thus, there are a remarkable increase in motor-vehicles.
NCR has witnessed rapid growth in terms of industrialisation and urbanisation. This growth has put a pressure on supporting systems like infrastructure, housing and transportation. Growth in population has created demand for transportation and thus, there is a remarkable increase in motor-vehicles in the city. The yearly compounding growth of vehicular population for the year 2016 is 9.93 per cent.
With this immense growth in vehicular population, the traffic scenario also becomes challenging, particularly in regard to road accidents. An accident is a man-made tragedy but in some cases, it can be prevented, such as road accidents because of poor vision of drivers.
Poor vision is one the reasons for road accidents. According to a study done in National Capital Region, 50 per cent drivers are suffering from hypermetropia, whereas, 35 per cent has blurred distance vision. Drivers with poor vision are likely to get more involved in road accidents. Out of every 10 commercial drivers, 3 drivers are short-sighted which means they are myopic.
The study advocates that drivers with poor vision are responsible for almost 30 per cent of total road accidents. The survey has categorised drivers with poor vision as, "acceptable, marginal and unacceptable". 35 per cent of drivers have myopia or blurred distance vision, therefore, they are categorised in the marginal and unacceptable category. Whereas, 10 per cent of drivers are unfit to drive any vehicle. Drivers facing such disorders, have problems in reading signboards, they also fail to see a U-turn and often get stuck in potholes, that result in major road accidents.
50 per cent drivers are suffering from hypermetropia, out of which 40 per cent cases are severe and, hence, they are also unfit to drive. Drivers with such disability will find problems in bumper-to-bumper driving.
Color blindness and glare blindness is another rising issue that is responsible for accidents. After doing the respective test, it was discovered that 19 per cent drivers are severely colour blind. Such disability would be responsible for traffic rule violations. They tend to misjudge between traffic lights which increases the risk of road accidents.
Unacceptable and marginal category people are more involved in accident cases. It is also very alarming to know that drivers suffering from night vision were not even aware that they must wear spectacles to improve their vision quality.
Every year almost 1.5 lakh people die in road accidents. And drivers with visual impairment are responsible for 70-80 per cent of cases. Even though, poor vision is nowhere to be mentioned when any FIR is filed in such cases. To reduce the risk of road accidents, transport authority of India must take strict actions before renewing a license or granting the new one.
Eye health and check-up is very important. To create awareness and to focus attention on blindness and vision impairment is necessary to curb such miserable incidents.