Is China Protecting Its Self-Interest In Kashmir, Aksai Chin & Ladakh? First, China said Kashmir is a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan, then after the 1961 war, Beijing sided with Pakistan. In the 1980s, Deng Xiaoping reverted to the stance that Kashmir was a legacy problem. Right now, it's stance is all about protecting its commercial interests in PoK & strategic interests in Ladakh & Aksai Chin. Here's a report on China's position in this long-standing dispute.