Key dates in Britain's relations with the European Union

Updated: Jan 31, 2020, 03:33 PM(IST)

Britain on Friday ends almost half a century of integration with its closest neighbours and leaves the European Union, starting a new but still uncertain chapter in its long history.

Here are the key dates of Britain's often troubled history within the European Union, which comes to an end on Friday.

The referendum

June 23, 2016: At a referendum organised after the Conservatives come to power in 2015, Britain votes by 52 per cent to 48 per cent to quit the EU. Prime minister David Cameron, who had campaigned to remain, resigns.


Two-year deadlock

March 29, 2017: Cameron's successor, Theresa May, starts the two-year countdown to Britain leaving the bloc with a formal letter of notice to EU president Donald Tusk. 


Provisional agreement

November 22, 2018: Britain and the EU reach a provisional agreement on their post-Brexit relations, a week after striking a draft divorce deal. It is formalised on November 25 by EU leaders.



January 15, 2019: Britain's lower house of parliament votes against the deal, the first of three times it will do so.


Brexit delayed

April 10-11: The European Union agrees to delay Brexit until October 31.


Theresa May resigns, Johnson swears in

July 24: Brexit figurehead Boris Johnson replaces May as prime minister, vowing to take Britain out of the EU on October 31 with or without a deal.


New deal, new delay

October 17: European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and Johnson announce their agreement on a new draft Brexit accord.

(Photograph:Zee News Network)

British parliament delays vote

The British parliament delays its vote on the text, forcing Johnson to ask Brussels for a new postponement of the Brexit date. It is set for January 31, 2020.


Brexit becomes reality

January 31, 2020: Brexit comes into force after the European Parliament gave the final approval to it on January 29.


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