From Britain's Prince Philip to Nobel Peace Prize laureate Desmond Tutu, here are some of the most notable deaths of 2021.
Veteran Canadian actor Christopher Plummer, star of "The Sound of Music", dies on February 5 aged 91.
George Shultz, Ronald Reagan's secretary of state who helped end the Cold War but contributed to conflict by advocating pre-emptive strikes, passes the next day at 100.
Argentina's former president Carlos Menem dies at 90 on February 14.
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, one of the last great poets of the Beat Generation, passes eight days later aged 101.
Papua New Guinea's "father of the nation" Sir Michael Somare, its first prime minister, dies aged 84 on February 26.
Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, the 99-year-old husband of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, dies on April 9.
American rapper DMX, 50, dies the same day.
Bernie Madoff, mastermind of the largest financial scam in history, dies in jail in North Carolina on April 14 aged 82.
Two days later British actress Helen McCrory, who starred in "Peaky Blinders", "Harry Potter" and "The Queen," dies of cancer aged 52.
Chad's President Idriss Deby, 68, dies from battle wounds the day after his election for a sixth term on April 20.
Legendary German soprano Christa Ludwig, 93, passes away on April 24.
Fashion designer Alber Elbaz of Lanvin fame dies in Paris aged 59 from Covid-19 the same day.
The leader of the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahrawi, 48, is killed by French forces on August 17.
Former Chadian president Hissene Habre dies a week later from Covid-19 at 79. He was serving a life sentence in Senegal for crimes against humanity.
Charlie Watts, the drummer of the Rolling Stones, dies aged 80 on August 24.
Jacques Rogge, president of the International Olympic Committee, dies on August 29. The Belgian was 79.
The same day Lee "Scratch" Perry, the wildly influential Jamaican singer and Bob Marley's producer, dies aged 85.
Renowned Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis, 96, who scored the 1964 film "Zorba the Greek" and resisted military dictatorship in Greece, dies on September 2.
Actor Jean-Paul Belmondo, star of "Breathless" and one of postwar French cinema's biggest names, dies aged 88 on September 6.
Michael K. Williams, who played Omar in the cult US television series "The Wire", dies the same day of an accidental overdose aged 54 in New York.
The founder of Peru's Maoist Shining Path rebel group, Abimael Guzman, 86, dies in prison on September 11.
Algeria's longest-serving president Abdelaziz Bouteflika dies on September 17 aged 84.
Kenya's world record-holding runner Agnes Tirop, 25, is stabbed to death at her home on October 13. Her husband is later charged with her murder.
Colin Powell, a war hero and the first Black US secretary of state whose reputation was sullied by the invasion of Iraq, dies from complications from Covid-19 aged 84 on October 18.
FW de Klerk, the last president of apartheid South Africa, dies aged 85 on November 11. He freed Nelson Mandela from prison and later shared a Nobel Peace Prize with him.
Zambia-born bestselling novelist Wilbur Smith, 88, who chronicled dramatic adventures on the African continent, passes away two days later.
Formula One pioneer Frank Williams, 79, dies on November 28.
Lamine Diack, who presided over global athletics from 1999 to 2015 but was later convicted for corruption, dies on December 3 aged 88.
Bob Dole, a World War II hero who became a five-term US senator and the Republican Party's 1996 presidential nominee, passes two days later aged 98.
Gothic novelist Anne Rice, 80, best known for writing "Interview with the Vampire," follows on December 11.
Lucia Hiriart, the widow of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, dies five days later at the age of 98.
British architect Richard Rogers, known for designing some of the world's most famous buildings including Paris' Pompidou Centre, dies at 88 on December 18.
American rapper Drakeo the Ruler, or Darrell Caldwell, 28, dies after being stabbed on December 19.
Joan Didion, the beloved US essayist and pioneer of "new journalism", dies at 87 on December 23.
South Africa's anti-apartheid icon Archbishop Desmond Tutu, a tireless campaigner against injustice, dies on December 26 at age 90.