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All you need to know about Mission Shakti, India's Anti-Satellite Missile test

India on Wednesday conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test. This was a technological mission carried out by DRDO. The satellite used in the mission was one of India's existing satellites operating in lower orbit. The test was fully successful and achieved all parametres as per plans. The test required an extremely high degree of precision and technical capability.

Which satellite was used?

The satellite used was an Indian satellite. The significance of the test is that India has tested and successfully demonstrated its capability to interdict and intercept a satellite in outer space based on complete indigenous technology. With this test, India joins an exclusive group of space faring nations consisting of USA, Russia and China. (Representative photo)

(Photograph:AFP)

Which missile/interceptor was used?

The DRDO's Ballistic Missile Defence interceptor was used, which is part of the ongoing ballistic missile defence programme. (Representative photo)

 

(Photograph:AFP)

Why did India use 'Kinetic Kill' and not 'fly-by tests' or jamming?

According to India's Ministry of External Affairs, "This is a technology where we have developed the capability. Space technologies are constantly evolving. We have used the technology that is appropriate to achieve the objectives set out in this mission." (File photo)

(Photograph:Reuters)

Does the test create space debris?

The test was done in the lower atmosphere to ensure that there is no space debris. Whatever debris that is generated will decay and fall back onto the earth within weeks. (Representative photo)

(Photograph:AFP)

Why did we do the test?

India has a long standing and rapidly growing space programme. It has expanded rapidly in the last five years. The Mangalyaan Mission to Mars was successfully launched. Thereafter, the government has sanctioned the Gaganyaan Mission which will take Indians to outer space.

India has undertaken 102 spacecraft missions consisting of communication satellites, earth observation satellites, experimental satellites, navigation satellites, apart from satellites meant for scientific research and exploration, academic studies and other small satellites. India’s space programme is a critical backbone of India’s security, economic and social infrastructure.

The test was done to verify that India has the capability to safeguard our space assets. It is the Government of India’s responsibility to defend the country’s interests in outer space. (Representative photo)

(Photograph:AFP)

Why was the test done now?

"The tests were done after we had acquired the required degree of confidence to ensure its success," said the MEA adding, "it reflects the intention of the government to enhance India's national security. India has seen an accelerated space development programme since 2014." (File photo of a satellite launch in India)

(Photograph:PTI)

Is India entering into an arms race in outer space?

The statement from MEA says, "India has no intention of entering into an arms race in outer space. We have always maintained that space must be used only for peaceful purposes. We are against the weaponisation of outer space and support international efforts to reinforce the safety and security of space based assets." (Representative photo)

(Photograph:AFP)