A major US report said on August 1 that Planet-warming greenhouse gases surged to new highs as abnormally hot temperatures swept the globe and ice melted at record levels in the Arctic last year due to climate change.
The United States is the world's second-leading polluter after China but has rolled back environmental safeguards under Trump, who has declared climate change a "Chinese hoax" and exited the Paris deal signed by more than 190 nations as a path toward curbing harmful emissions.
The American Meteorological Society and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) mentioned the word "abnormal" a dozen times, referring to storms, droughts, scorching temperatures and record low ice cover in the Arctic.
Greenhouse gase surge
The top three most dangerous greenhouse gases released into Earth's atmosphere last year carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, which reached new record highs.
"The highest in the modern atmospheric measurement record and in ice core records dating back as far as 800,000 years,"
World's High temperature
The world's highest temperature ever for May was observed on May 28 in Turbat, western Pakistan, with a high of 128.3 degrees Fahrenheit.
"The 10 warmest years on record have all occurred since 1998, with the four warmest years occurring since 2014," said the report.
Last year marked either the second or third hottest since the mid-1800s, depending on which data is consulted.
In another alarming milestone, 2017 was also "the warmest non-El Nino year in the instrumental record," referring to the absence of the occasional ocean warming trend that pushes temperatures higher than normal.
Unprecedented heat enveloped the Arctic, where the land surface temperature was 2.9 degrees Fahrenheit (1.6 Celsius) above the 1981–2010 average.
Arctic temperatures were the second highest after 2016 since records began in 1900. "Today's abnormally warm Arctic air and sea surface temperatures have not been observed in the last 2,000 years," it said.
And glaciers across the world shrank for the 38th year in a row.
'Most destructive' coral bleaching
Ocean warming over the last few years has been blamed for widespread coral bleaching, as disease spreads in this precious habitat for fish and marine life.
"The most recent global coral bleaching lasted three full years, June 2014 to May 2017, and was the longest, most widespread and almost certainly most destructive such event on record," said the report
The record for hottest year in modern times was set in 2016, but 2017 was not far behind, with "much-warmer-than-average conditions" across most of the world.
Annual record high temperatures were observed in Argentina, Bulgaria, Spain and Uruguay, while Mexico "broke its annual record for the fourth consecutive year."
Smashing more heat records, temperatures reached 110.1 degrees Fahrenheit (43.4 Celsius) on January 27 at Puerto Madryn, Argentina, "the highest temperature ever recorded so far south anywhere in the world."
Reports said that precipitation in 2017 "was clearly above the long-term average," said the report.
Warmer ocean temperatures have led to increasing moisture in the air, particularly in the last three years, causing more rain. Climate change can also exacerbate extreme weather.
Some parts of the world suffered extended droughts, demonstrating that "extreme precipitation is not evenly distributed across the globe."
''Oceans like a freight train"
Global sea level reached a record high in 2017 for the sixth consecutive year. The world's average sea level is now three inches (7.7 centimetres) higher than in 1993.
Oceanographer Gregory Johnson from NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory said that "I think of the oceans like a freight train,"
"If we were to freeze greenhouse gases at the level they are today, the oceans would continue to warm and seas would continue to rise for centuries to millennia."