Dow Jones index fell 0.6 per cent to close at 19,792.53, halting a seven-day streak of record closes. Photograph:( AFP )
Wall Street stocks tumbled and the US dollar rallied Wednesday after the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for only the second time in a decade.
The policy-setting Federal Open Market Committee voted unanimously to increase the key federal funds rate to a range of 0.5 to 0.75 per cent, but repeated that the world's biggest economy likely will require only "gradual" rate increases going forward.
The move was expected but was coupled with a projection that central bankers now expect three interest rate increases in 2017 instead of the previously forecast two.
The decision put the brakes -- at least for now -- on the Dow's march towards the 20,000-point landmark. The blue-chip index fell 0.6 per cent to close at 19,792.53, halting a seven-day streak of record closes.
The Fed's decision also led to sharp increases in the yield of the 10-year US Treasury and strengthening of the dollar against other major currencies.
Many analysts expect the central bank will have to raise rates faster if President-elect Donald Trump's promised infrastructure spending plans and tax cuts are implemented and fuel inflation.
Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen agreed such policies can change decisions by central bankers, but cautioned against any premature guessing games.
"I really can't tell you what the Fed's response would be to any policy changes that are put into effect," she said at a news conference.
However, FTN Financial chief economist Chris Low said the Fed's overall stance was a reality check on runaway enthusiasm about the possibilities for the US economy after Trump's win.
"We've been pricing in faster growth, bigger job gains, tax cuts -- all these positive steps," Low said. "Today we were reminded that if all that happens, borrowing costs are going to have be a little higher."
"It's a reminder you never get unmitigated good outcomes."
European equities retreated ahead of the Fed announcement. London drifted 0.3 percent lower while Frankfurt shed 0.4 per cent and Paris 0.7 per cent on the day.
Technology shares were mixed as Trump met with a group of industry leaders for the first time since the election. Amazon lost 0.7 percent, while Tesla Motors added 0.3 percent. Google parent Alphabet, Apple and Facebook were little changed.
General Motors dropped 3.8 percent on reports that its China joint venture with SAIC Motor Corp is being investigated for possible antitrust violations. A Bloomberg article citing unnamed people familiar with the matter said some dealerships were being probed over retail pricing practices.
Key figures around 2200 GMT
New York - Dow: DOWN 0.6 percent at 19,792.53 (close)
New York - S&P 500: DOWN 0.8 percent at 2,253.28 (close)
New York - Nasdaq: DOWN 0.5 percent at 5,436.67 (close)
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.3 percent at 6,949.19 points (close)
Frankfurt - DAX 30: DOWN 0.4 percent at 11,244.84 (close)
Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 0.7 percent at 4,769.24 (close)
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 0.6 percent at 3,217.80
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: FLAT at 19,253.61 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: UP less than 0.1 percent at 22,456.62 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.5 percent at 3,140.53 (close)
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.0533 from $1.0628 Tuesday
Dollar/yen: UP at 117.08 yen from 115.16 yen
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2559 from $1.2665
Oil - West Texas Intermediate: DOWN $1.94 cents at $51.04 per barrel
Oil - Brent North Sea: DOWN $1.82 at $53.90 per barrel