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WION World Order is a platform for mutual dialogue on foreign policies, to keep abreast of all the latest that is happening globally and understand the power dynamics, security issues, trade and business.

Speakers

Chutintorn Gongsakdi is Thailand's Ambassador to India

Chutintorn Gongsakdi

Ambassador, Thailand

Austin Fernando is Sri Lanka's High Commissioner to India

Austin Fernando

High Commissioner, Sri Lanka

Syed Muazzem Ali is Bangladesh's High Commissioner to India

Syed Muazzem Ali

High Commissioner, Bangladesh

Constantino Xavier is Fellow, Brookings India

Constantino Xavier

Fellow, Brookings India

Veena Sikri was the High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh

Veena Sikri

Professor & Ambassador

Joyeeta Bhattacharje is the Senior Fellow with think tank Observer Research Foundation

Joyeeta Bhattacharje

Senior Fellow, ORF

André Aranha Corrêa do Lago is ambassador of Brazil to India

André Aranha Corrêa do Lago

Ambassador of Brazil to India

Daniel Chuburu is Ambassador of Argentina to India

Daniel Chuburu

Argentina Ambassador

Walter J Linder is Ambassador of Germany to India

Walter J Lindner

German Ambassador

Programme

BIMSTEC: One Bay, One Belief - Shared Prosperity (June 18, 2019)

SESSION 1:

Unlocking the Potential of BIMSTEC
 
- Understanding past successes of BIMSTEC to shape future priorities
- Idea of BIMSTEC: Scope, Expansion & Challenges
- Deepening Economic Cooperation
- Geopolitical dimension of Maritime Security
- Is SAARC irreplaceable?
- Understanding the Maritime Dimension- Counter-Terrorism &  and Maritime Security Initiative
 
Dialogue Partners
 
His Excellency Chutintorn Gongsakdi, Ambassador of Thailand
His Excellency Austin Fernando, High Commissioner of Sri Lanka
His Excellency Syed Muazzem Ali, Bangladesh High Commissioner to India
 
Dialogue Moderator: Palki Sharma
 
SESSION 2:
 
BIMSTEC: CREATING SHARED VALUE & CONSOLIDATING ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
 
- Effective multilateralism, BIMSTEC's vision of connectivity, and security capacity
- Exploring new opportunities and leveraging strong partnership
- Moving beyond SAARC
- BIMSTEC a new momentum for regional cooperation, engagement and seamless connectivity
- Evaluate India’s “Neighbourhood First Policy” and “Act East” policies
- Understanding, preventing and surviving terrorism
 
Dialogue Partners:
 
Constantino Xavier, Fellow, Brookings India
Veena Sikri, Professor & Ambassador
Joyeeta Bhattacharje, Senior Fellow, ORF
 
Dialogue Moderator: Palki Sharma

G20 Briefing: A Complete 360° Guide (June 27, 2019)

The Dialogue:

- Vision G20, Osaka, Japan: "Promoting free & open, inclusive and sustainable, human-centered future" - A forum for endless possibilities initiative - Opening Remarks
- Reviving the spirit of G20: Can leaders create the magic in Osaka? Expectation and the future of G20. Mission to cultivate a positive atmosphere.
- Evaluating the journey of G20: Changing Presidencies, agenda, outcomes, and lessons learned
- Time to Talk Trade: Understanding the pressing economic challenges, reforms WTO require to improve its functioning, easing trade tensions, less protectionism and ensuring sustainable growth of the global economy
- Tackling Marine Plastic Waste: The way forward to let our oceans breathe
- Action against Terror: Is "War on Terror" the only the formula to fight extremism? Recommendation & Suggestions

Timeline G20 (2008-2019)

1. Osaka, Japan, 2019: The agenda for this year's G20 summit in Japan is "human-centeredness" and "data free flow with trust" which aims to create a framework for discussion on rules for the digital economy. While China's President Xi Jinping and US President Donald Trump will discuss the ongoing trade war and how to tackle plastic waste, financial stability, black money, and terrorism will top India's agenda. All eyeballs will be on "Trump-Putin", "Trump-Xi" and "Trump-Erdogan" bilaterals.

2. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2018: President Trump & President Xi decide to hold negotiations and prevent the escalation of trade war. Meetings were cancelled by President Trump with his Russian counterpart Putin over Moscow's attack on Ukraine. President Trump signed the new NAFTA Agreement with Mexico and Canada. The US did not commit to the Paris Climate Accord.

3. Hamburg, Germany, 2017: Focus on climate change and global trade. President Trump pulled out of the Paris Climate Agreement. G20 agreed to eliminate safe havens for terror financing.

4. Hangzhou, China, 2016: USA and China agreed to ratify the Paris Climate Change Agreement. Russia and the USA did not agree on ending the Syrian War. China's motto was "protectionism".

5. Antalya, Turkey, 2015: Mostly focused on the terrorist attacks in Paris. Members agreed to tighten border surveillance against threats. The USA promised to share more intelligence with France and other members.

6. Brisbane, Australia, 2014: Members promised to increase global GDP growth to 2.1 per cent by 2018 to add $2 trillion to global economies.
St. Petersburg, Russia, 2013: USA sought support for US strike, while others argued for economic sanctions. Russia supported the Syrian government with arms and trade. China showed concern about an increase in oil prices. France, Turkey and Saudi Arabia supported an air strike. The prime focus was on global economic growth. BRIC Countries sought G20 action to reinvigorate their economies. They were pummeled by a withdrawal of foreign direct investment.

7. Los Cabos, Mexico, 2012: Focus was on the Eurozone debt crisis. The G20 pressured Germany to work with other European Union Leaders.
Cannes, France, 2011: Members agreed to create jobs and the summit addressed the Greek debt crisis.

8. Seoul, South Korea, 2010: Members pledged to stop the currency wars.

9. Toronto, Canada, 2010: Pledge is taken to cut the budget deficits in half by 2013.

10. London, United Kingdom, 2009: G20 leaders pledged $1 trillion to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank to render help to emerging markets and avert the effect of the recession. $250 billion was promised in trade finance. A promise made to crack down on hedge funds, develop new financial regulations and create a supervisory body.

11. Pittsburg, USA, 2009: G20 leaders established a new financial stability board to work with the World Bank and the IMF.

12. Washington DC, USA, 2008: First ever G20 Summit. All the G20 member countries agreed to cooperate in key areas to strengthen growth in the wake of the 2008 economic crisis.

Balance of Power & Global Power Shift (July 25, 2019)

Session 1

The Geopolitical Significance of Indo-Pacific: An ASEAN View
 

  1. ASEAN and its emerging role in the Indo-Pacific Region- ASEAN’s plan to engage and shape the regional architecture to take its own position in the Indo-Pacific Region.
  2. How will ASEAN redefine the Indo-Pacific? Any particular reason why ASEAN was reluctant to engage before?
  3. Expectations from the key regional players in the Indo-Pacific i.e, USA, Japan, Australia & India.
  4. The "ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific" mentions "an inclusive and rules-based framework to generate momentum to build strategic trust". The idea to complement existing frameworks of cooperation at the regional and sub-regional levels, generate tangible and concrete deliverables, a common approach towards the Indo-Pacific region despite individual differences and bilateral engagements. How ASEAN may shape the regional architecture and engage fruitfully with the Indo-Pacific Discourse?
  5. With the geopolitical contestation between China and the USA escalating, how may ASEAN reclaim the strategic narrative in the emerging regional order?
  6. Key challenges for Indo-Pacific regional policy.
  7. Negotiations on the Code of Conduct (COC) in the South China Sea to reduce tensions and risk of accidents, misunderstandings, and miscalculation - in an increasingly contested maritime space. Will COC talks see progress?
  8. How may India welcome the ASEAN’s outlook? India sees this as an "important elements of convergence". India focuses on improving regional connectivity and infrastructure development. India gave significant importance to Act East Policy, ASEAN is embedded in the Indian narrative, India an active participant of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), India is proactively engaging with Australia and New Zealand further deepened its cooperation with Korea, India is constantly interacting with the Pacific Island countries. India views the Indo-Pacific as a geographic and strategic expanse, with the 10 ASEAN countries connecting the two great oceans. The integration requires greater cooperation, connectivity, and security, investment and infrastructure.

Dialogue partners: Former Ambassador of India to ASEAN Gurjit Singh, Ambassador of Thailand Chutintorn Gongsakdi, Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia in India Sidharto Reza Suryodipuro and Vietnamese Ambassador to India Pham Sanh Chau.

Session 2

Decoding the "Alliance of the East" Grand Strategy

1. Busting the Myth: SCO vs NATO - Is SCO the future?
2. How the SCO members can unite to fight and condemn the three evils of terrorism, separatism, and religious extremism?
3. How can SCO reshape economic cooperation and cultural ties and challenge the existing world order by the US?
4. Role of SCO in shifting power dynamics and the urgent need to boost regional security, combating terrorism and extremism. Evaluate SCO's survival/and or future strategy.
5. Promoting stability and development in Afghanistan in view of the Bishkek Declaration which stressed on inclusive peace process led by "Afghans Themselves".
6. Iran in the current SCO set up. SCO's negotiation on Iran's membership.

Dialogue partners: Ambassador of Kyrgyzstan Asein Isaev and Charge d'Affairs Afghanistan Tahir Qadiry.

BIMSTEC a unique organisation: Professor and Ambassador Veena Sikri

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Senior ORF Fellow Joyeeta Bhattacharjee on BIMSTEC's importance

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BIMSTEC needs more financial resources: Brookings India's Constantino Xavier

BIMSTEC or Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation is an important regional grouping of nations and India's… Read Article

World has changed a lot since BIMSTEC's inception: Thailand Ambassador

Thailand Ambassador, His Excellency Chutintorn Gongsakdi, has said that he is proud to be a part of BIMSTEC and is looking forward to reflecting on… Read Article

WION launches a new show to look at world order from India's perspective

The world is constantly changing, and the dramatic shift is a result of political thought across the globe and the balance of power. Read Article
WION World Order