Remembering 'patriot of patriots' Subhas Chandra Bose
India on Sunday remembered one of its firebrand pre-independence leaders Subhas Chandra Bose on his death anniversary.
Chandra's valour and mettle continue to inspire the country's young till date.
Born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha, Subhas Chandra Bose was among the key figures who laid the foundation of modern-day India.
He established the Indian National Army to take on the British.
Alliance with the Nazis
Controversially though - following the principle of 'my enemy's enemy is my friend' - he also struck an alliance with Nazi Germany, hoping it would help overthrow British rule in India.
'Patriots of patriots'
Despite a difference in ideology, Bose was admired by 'father of the nation' Mahatma Gandhi and was called "patriot of patriots" by him.
Bose was influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna after reading their works at the age of 16.
Indian National Congress
Subhas Chandra Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress twice but he resigned after conflicting ideas of independent India.
Bose was married to an Austrian woman Emille Shinken and his daughter Anita Bose was a popular economist in Germany.
Bose was the editor in chief of 'The Forward' formerly known as 'The Jewish Daily Forward', an American magazine published monthly for Jewish-American audience in New York, but later he left to open his newspaper called "Swaraj in India."
He lives on
To this day, there is no certain explanation of how Bose died.
The general belief is that he died in a plane crash in present-day Taiwan on August 18, 1945.
Theories around his death suggest he lived in Russia and later came back to India and lived anonymously in Uttar Pradesh.