The Dakota Access pipeline would connect the Bakken and Three Forks oil production areas in North Dakota to an existing crude oil terminal near Patoka, Illinois. Photograph: (AFP)
Obama cancelled it after months of fierce protesting by Native Americans and their allies. But Donald Trump supports the pipline
US authorities said on Tuesday they will approve a permit to complete the controversial Dakota Access oil pipeline.
The decision comes after months of protests by Native Americans and their supporters led the Obama administration to nix plans to build the pipeline close to native grounds.
But President Donald Trump supported the 1,172-mile (1,886-kilometre) oil pipeline, which would snake through four US states, and ordered officials to reconsider.
The Army Corps of Engineers, which has approval authority, said on Tuesday that it had "completed a presidential-directed review" and planned to grant permission for the pipeline to cross government land at the Missouri River and man-made Lake Oahe reservoir -- the final sticking point, which will effectively allow the last stretch of the pipeline to be completed.
The reservoir is the drinking water source for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, which objects to the pipeline's routes. The tribe vowed to challenge The Army's decision in court, and called on supporters to head to Washington on March 10 for "a Native Nations march".
"We ask that our allies join us in demanding that Congress demand a fair and accurate process," tribe chairman Dave Archambault said in a statement. "Our fight is no longer at the North Dakota site itself. Our fight is with Congress and the Trump administration."
The Dakota Access pipeline would connect the Bakken and Three Forks oil production areas in North Dakota to an existing crude oil terminal near Patoka, Illinois.
In addition to the risk to its water, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe had also claimed the project endangered areas with sacred historic sites and artefacts. Additionally, it claimed that it was not appropriately consulted during the process and that a proper environmental review was required.
Energy Transfer Partners, the pipeline's operator, has denied the tribe's claims, saying the pipeline is safer than the current transport methods of rail and truck, and that archaeological experts it hired had failed to find sacred artefacts along the pipeline route.
Opponents vow to fight on
North Dakota leaders who have supported the project promptly backed the Army's decision. "This is a key step toward the completion of this important infrastructure project, which has faced months of politically-driven delays," North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum in a statement.
North Dakota Senator John Hoeven, who also praised The Army's decision, said the acrimonious process had nevertheless raised some questions.
"Going forward, we need to review the permitting process to ensure that everyone has an opportunity to be heard and that a fair, certain and legal process has been followed," Hoeven said.
The pipeline has been the subject of intense protests in North Dakota and around the country, galvanising hundreds of Native American tribes, environmental groups and their supporters.
Protesters had also camped on land near the pipeline's path just north of the tribe's reservation in order to physically block its completion -- at times clashing violently with authorities.
Tom Goldtooth, executive director of the Indigenous Environmental Network -- a group that had a strong presence at the North Dakota protest, charged that The Army's decision on Tuesday went against protocol and the established legal process.
"It disregards more than 100,000 comments already submitted as part of the not-yet-completed environmental review process," Goldtooth said.