A high-profile sex assault case in California reverberating across the globe has reignited a debate about rape culture on US college campuses.
The case burst into the spotlight after the victim of the January 2015 assault made public a powerful letter to the judge who on June 2 sentenced her attacker -- 20-year-old former Stanford University student Brock Turner -- to six months in jail on three felony convictions.
Her harrowing 12-page account of the assault and its impact on her life -- read in court before the sentencing -- lit up the Internet within hours of being posted online, drawing a global chorus of outrage at the light sentence and prompting calls for the judge to be removed from the bench.
"You don't know me, but you've been inside me, and that's why we're here today," she told her attacker in the statement read in court. "You took away my worth, my privacy, my energy, my time, my intimacy, my confidence, my own voice, until today."
A letter to the court by Turner's father, stating that the former Stanford University swimmer did not deserve to be jailed for "20 minutes of action" further stoked the debate about race and privilege.
The furor even reached the nation's capital with Vice President Joe Biden praising the young victim as a "warrior".
The case is emblematic of the way rape assaults are handled on US campuses, where observers say lax policies have created a climate of impunity and discouraged victims from speaking out.
"In general, colleges and universities have done a really bad job at managing campus sexual assault, preventing it or responding to it when it occurs," said Michele Dauber, a Stanford law professor spearheading a campaign to have the judge in the assault case recalled.
Dauber, who is a close friend of the 23-year-old California woman targeted in the assault, told AFP the six-month sentence given to Turner -- who is expected to serve only three months in county jail -- downplays the seriousness of rape.
"Here we have the 'perfect' victim who did everything 'right', going to the police, making a formal charge and subjecting her body to the rape exam. She even had witnesses... and she still didn't get justice," Dauber said.
"The message this case is sending is 'Don't bother calling the police, you won't get justice'."
According to the National Crime Victimization Survey, about one in six women in the United States are victims of sexual assault.
A 2015 study by Brown University found that more than one in every six women are raped during their first year at college while too drunk or incapacitated to fend off their attacker.
The majority of college-age victims -- about 80 per cent -- knew their attacker, surveys show.
Amy Ziering, producer of the 2015 campus rape documentary "The Hunting Ground," said if anything, the Stanford case had cast the spotlight on the issue as never before.
"It has really, really raised everyone's consciousness in a way somewhat unprecedented," she told AFP.
"You have 14 million people in five days reading someone's letter online and responding to it, and that is something I've never seen in my lifetime," she added. "This has actually ignited a conversation I just have never seen."
"It has prompted a debate about privilege, entitlement and the criminal justice system."
At Stanford University, the case has also drawn outrage among some faculty and students who have accused the school of a lack of sympathy toward the victim.
"The university has still not apologised to her or expressed any compassion toward her," Dauber said. "They instead praised themselves about how they did everything right."
Two student-led petitions circulating online have questioned the university's response and urged the school to release the names of students responsible for sexual assault or misconduct. Protests are also planned at Stanford graduation ceremonies on Sunday.
Stanford officials did not reply to a request for interviews, referring to statements in which they defended their handling of the Turner case and denounced "misinformation" about the university's role.
"Stanford University did everything within its power to assure that justice was served in this case," a statement said, citing a quick police response and referral to prosecutors.
Meanwhile Turner, who is being held in a county jail in San Jose, California, has been moved to protective custody out of fear for his safety. On Friday, he was banned for life from competing in national swim competitions.
Filmmaker Ziering said she was confident the outcry would lead to change in the way rape victims are treated and often shamed into silence.
"This case is the epitomy of rape culture in our society," she said. "You couldn't get a better case. What is hopeful to me about it, is everything that has happened in the aftermath."