The amendment to the treaty will enable both countries to deport an accused if a trial court has issued a warrant against the person
India's home minister Rajnath Singh on Thursday (July 28) met his Bangladeshi counterpart Asaduzzaman Khan in New Delhi and signed an amendment to the Bilateral Extradition Treaty.
The amendment to Article 10(3) of the treaty will enable both countries to deport an accused if a trial court has issued a warrant against the person. The treaty earlier allowed deportation only after verifying evidence against the accused.
The two ministers also decided to increase cooperation in issues including militancy and narcotics, among others.
"The amendments on our discussions have been signed. We discussed issues of militancy. We held talks to fight against all sorts of militancy. We also discussed border issues. We were assured that India will always be with Bangladesh. We also discussed issues on narcotics," said Khan.
Earlier in the day, Khan called on Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the capital.
The Bangladesh delegation led by Khan arrived in the national capital on Wednesday (July 27).
Bangladesh and India share a 4,096-kilometer (2,545-mile)-long international border with five Indian states - Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
The migration of tens of thousands of people from Bangladesh into India has long been a sensitive issue in India.