Here is how the story of the Syrian agitation began, today turning into a full-fledged civil war killing thousands and damaging much more than life and property
What began in Tunisia as the Jasmine revolution or the Arab spring, led not only to the to the ousting of its President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali on 14 January 2011, but to a snowball effect that touched most all middle-eastern countries. (AFP)
Major events through the rising civil war saw the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, protests against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, his downfall and a major uprising in Syria against President Bashar al-Assad. (AFP)
The Syrian uprising, which began in 2011, today involves too many stakeholders, making it a civil war fought on several fronts.
The government, the Syrian Arab rebel groups, the Syrian Democratic Forces, Salafi jihadist groups and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) are some of the groups involved. Every faction receives some support from foreign actors, making it look like a proxy war by regional and global powers. (AFP)
While the country saw economic reforms under Assad's regime, it soon gave way to disparities and unemployment. The situation led to protests that spread to the predominantly Kurdish areas of northern Syria. Syrian opposition groups formed the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and took control of the area surrounding Aleppo and parts of southern Syria. (AFP)
Factions soon began to separate and an Islamist vision for Syria as al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) took shape.
Syrian government forces kept fighting the FSA, making way for the Kurdish people's protection units (YPG) to move in and claim de facto autonomy.
In 2015, the YPG joined forces with Arab, Assyrian, Armenian and Turkmen groups forming the Syrian Democratic Forces. (AFP)
The Syrian government, ISIL and other opposition forces have been globally accused of severe human rights violations and massacres.
In February this year, UN-mediated Geneva Syria peace talks were announced by the UN but the unrest continues, rather worsens. (AFP)
Many nations have showed their support to President Assad, with the recent announcement being that of China and India.
The BRICS group of countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), while supporting Assad, have never earlier made it too evident, probably owing to the direct Russian intervention in the Syria war since last September. (AFP)