We take a look at India's elite forces that have been called forth to tackle contingencies in the past.
National Security Guards (NSG): The anti-terrorism unit has been deployed in a series of counter-insurgency operations like Operation Blue Star in 1984 and the Mumbai terror attacks in 2008. The Special Action Group (SAG) is drawn from the Indian Army while the Special Rangers Group (SRG), which also offers protection to VIPs, consists of personnel from the police forces.
Para Commandoes: They are a part of the Indian Army's Parachute Regiment, the first special operations unit of the Indian Army created in 1966. They played a key role in Operation Pawan during the Sri Lankan civil war in the Eighties and in the Kargil War against Pakistan in 1999.
Special Frontier Force (SFF): The mountain and jungle warfare unit, trained in guerilla warfare, is a part of the Para Military Force and is under the supervision of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) ? India's external intelligence agency. It was originally set up in 1962 to conduct operations along the Indo-China border, but has been used in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War and in combating communal riots in the '70s. Image courtesy: Wikipedia
MARCOS: Set up by the Indian Navy in 1987 for special reconnaissance and anti-terrorism warfare, the Marine Commandos specialise in maritime operations and have fought with other special forces in a series of operations including 1988's Operation Pawan and Operation Cactus and in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.
Garud Commando Force: The Indian Air Force's counter-terrorism unit was set up in 2004 mainly to protect air force installations across the country from terrorist attacks. However, some advanced Garud units undergo additional training for conducting search and rescue operations and combat warfare behind enemy lines.
Ghatak Commandoes: Every infantry batallion of the Indian Army consists of a Ghatak platoon. Armed with climbing gear, grenades, rocket launchers and night vision equipment, its assault troopers spearhead operations against enemy positions ahead of the batallion. Image courtesy: Wikipedia
Central Armed Police Forces: These include the Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).