Out of 7 billion people worldwide, 2 billion suffer from malnourishment, hypertension and disproportionate weight. It is an epidemic. Research: Saurabh Goenka; Visuals: Ishu Vaid
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined malnutrition as deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person's intake of energy and/or nutrients. Where around 3 out of 10 people in the world suffer from malnutrition, more than 11 per cent of the world population faces calorie deficiency.
India performs much worse than the world average in terms of stunting. While globally, 24 per cent of children are stunted, in India 38 per cent of them fall into this category. The situation in rural India is even more depressing, with more than 4 in every 10 children shorter in height than normal.
The condition of malnutrition in adults is also of great concern, as almost 40 per cent of the males and 44 per cent of females are either above or below their ideal weight. It can be observed from the figures where the female population is more affected than the male population
High blood pressure and high blood sugar which are known as lifestyle disease have been spreading rapidly among the Indian adults. While high blood sugar is prevalent in both males and females in equal proportion, high blood pressure is more diagnosed among males.