December 6, 1992: The fateful day the Babri Masjid came down
Twenty-five years later, the Supreme Court has only just begun hearing the final arguments in the Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute. The effects of that day though continue to be felt
Idols of Lord Ram placed inside Babri Masjid
Idols of Lord Ram are placed under the central dome of the Babri Masjid in 1949.
In 1950, Gopal Simla Visharad files the first suit in Faizabad civil court asking that people be allowed to perform pooja to Ram Lalla. Paramahansa Ramachandra Das files a suit asking for the continuation of the pooja and the keeping of the idols in the structure.
In 1959, Nirmohi Akhara files a third suit, asking that the disputed site be handed over to it.
The UP Sunni Central Wakf Board files a fourth suit in 1961 asking for possession; a fifth is filed in 1989 in the name of Ram Lalla Virajman again asking for possession.
Mosque opened to Hindu worshippers
In 1986, a district judge orders that locks be removed and the site opened to Hindu worshippers.
In 1989, the four suits pending are transferred to the High Court.
In 1991, the UP government acquires land around the structure for the convenience of devotees who attend Ram Lalla darshan.
Kar sevaks destroy Babri Masjid
On December 6, 1992, the Babri Masjid is demolished by a frenzied mob of kar sevaks.
Two FIRs are filed in the Babri Masjid demolition case.
Crime no. 197 deals with actual 'demolition of the mosque by Karsevaks.' Crime no. 198 names L.K. Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and others for 'communal' speeches before the demolition.
Demolition occurred after political rally
The Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had organised a rally of 150,000 kar sevaks at the site. The rally turned violent, and the crowd overwhelmed security forces and tore down the mosque.
In October 1993, CBI files a composite charge sheet and accuses Advani and other leaders of 'conspiracy'.
In the same year, the government takes over 67 acres of land around the area, seeks SC's opinion on whether a Hindu place of worship existed at the site before the mosque was built.
Conspiracy charges dropped
In 1994, case goes back to Lucknow Bench of HC, suits heard again from 1996.
On May 4, 2001, Special Judge S.K. Shukla drops the conspiracy charge against 13 accused, including Advani and Kalyan Singh. Bifurcates Crimes 197 and 198.
Allahabad HC upholds May 4, 2001 special court order, dismisses CBI's revision petition for direction to proceed with the conspiracy charge against Advani and others.
On May 20, 2010: Advani, others absolved of conspiracy charges.
On September 30, 2010, Allahabad HC awards two-thirds of the disputed site to Hindu parties, one-third to Waqf Board.
In February 2011, CBI moves Supreme Court. Argues that 'the actual demolition of the Babri Masjid and the continuous assault on media persons form a single connected transaction and can well be a concerted conspiracy'.
On May 9, 2011, Supreme Court stays Allahabad High Court verdict on Ayodhya dispute.
On December 25, 2014, the oldest litigant in the Babri Masjid case dies. Mohammad Farooq, a resident of Ayodhya, was one of the seven main litigants from the Muslim side in the 1949 Babri Masjid case.
On March 6, 2017, Supreme Court indicates it may revive conspiracy charge and orders a joint trial of crimes 197 and 198.
CJI advises out-of-court settlement
On March 21, 2017, suggesting an out-of-court rapprochement among rival parties in the 68-year-old Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute, Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar advises peace negotiations instead of a pitched court battle, even offering help to settle the fight amicably.
On March 23, 2017, a Supreme Court Bench of Justices P.C. Ghose and Rohinton Nariman post for detailed hearing, two weeks later, the CBI appeal against the dropping of the criminal conspiracy charge against veteran BJP leader L.K. Advani and other top party leaders.
Conspiracy charges revived
On April 6, 2017, the Supreme Court indicates that it will use its extraordinary powers under Article 142 of the Constitution to transfer the Babri Masjid demolition-related trial against top BJP leaders L.K. Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi from Rae Bareilly to Lucknow, where a CBI court is hearing conspiracy and other serious criminal charges against "lakhs of unknown Kar Sevaks" for the actual act of razing the 15th-century mosque.
On April 19, 2017, the Supreme Court revives conspiracy charges against L.K. Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and 13 others in the 25-year-old Babri Masjid demolition cases.
On December 5, 2017, the eve of the 25th anniversary of the demolition of the 15th-century mosque, the Supreme Court fixes the next hearing in the long-standing Ayodhya dispute matter for February 8, 2018.