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Ahmedabad: Inside India's first UN world heritage city

Let's explore the history and famous landmarks of Ahmedabad, India's first to receive the important UNESCO designation

Sabarmati Ashram

On June 17, 1917, Mahatma Gandhi established the Sabarmati Ashram on the banks of the river Sabarmati. The ashram served as one of the main centres during the Indian Freedom Struggle.

It became home to the Satyagraha ideology that eventually helped set India free. It was even called the Satyagraha Ashram initially, mirroring the passive resistance introduced by Gandhiji.

The Mahatma chose this place because he wanted to experiment with farming, animal husbandry, cow breeding, khadi and related constructive activities, for which he needed barren and vacant land.

Dandi March

Mahatma Gandhi launched the famous Dandi march from the Sabarmati Ashram to the coastal village of Dandi (a total of 241 miles) with 78 companions on March 12, 1930. The march was in protest of the British Salt Law which unfairly taxed Indian salt so that British salt could be promoted in India.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Memorial

Sardar Patel National Memorial was established in the memory of the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was one of the most influential personalities to have fought for Independence.

After India achieved independence, Patel carried out the important task of successfully integrating around 562 princely states under the Indian Dominion.

The ruins of Lothal

85 kilometres from Ahmedabad, the historic site of Lothal was one of the most prominent cities of the 4,400-year-old Indus Valley Civilization. It was one of the few known ports on ocean, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat.

The lustrous Red Ware culture was found in Lothal which is often associated with the (post-Rigvedic) Vedic civilization.

Calico Museum of Textiles

The museum contains some of the world's finest collections of antique and modern textiles, all handmade and up to even 500 years old (since machines were not invented till then) .

The textile gallery displays Double-ikat cloths (the most difficult and expensive cloth to make), which contain 100,000 threads each individually dyed before weaving.

Other remarkable artefacts include Kashmiri shawls that took three years to make, tapestries, royal garments, exquisite saris, tribal costumes, Patola and Mashru weaves and Bandhani tie-dye.

A separate gallery showcases different types of needlework that originated worldwide.

Hutheesingh Temple

The Hutheesing Jain Temple was built in 1848 AD by a merchant Sheth Hutheesing. He died before it was complete, yet it was named after him.

According to legend, his wife took upon herself the task of completing the temple after his death, which took two years and around 10 lakh rupees of the then currency value.

Jama Masjid

The Jama Masjid is among India?s most beautiful mosques. It was built by Ahmed Shah in 1423. The building materials were taken from the remnants of demolished Hindu and Jain temples.

Lotus-like carving of some domes show the mosque's architectural fusion with these religions and provides evidence that Hindu and Jain temples have been equally participating in the making of the resplendent structure.

Kankaria lake

Kankaria lake front was redeveloped by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in December 2008 to provide an urban space for pedestrians.

It recalls Mumbai's Marine Drive.

Auto World Vintage Car Museum

Auto World is a collection of Antique motor Vehicles (Cars and Motorcycles among others). It was built by the family of Shri Pranlal Bhogilal in the nineteenth and twentieth century.

It displays several of the greatest models of cars of all ages from all over the world. It takes us back to a time when an automobile was a symbol of wealth, power & style.