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Engineers' Day: Who is M Visvesvaraya?

India celebrates Engineer's Day on the birth anniversary of M. M. Visvesvaraya India celebrates Engineer's Day on the birth anniversary of M. M. Visvesvaraya Photograph: (Others)

WION Web Team Delhi, India Sep 15, 2017, 08.37 AM (IST)

India celebrates Engineers' Day on 15 September to mark the birth anniversary of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a renowned engineer, and Bharat Ratna awardee.

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in Muddenahalli village in Karnataka. He was a prominent engineer, scholar and the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He received the country’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1955.

Visvesvaraya patented and installed an irrigation system with water floodgates at the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune to raise the food supply level and storage to the highest levels.

He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Mandya district which was the largest reservoir in Asia at the time. 

He was also the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.

Apart from his contributions in the field of engineering, he was also called the “precursor of economic planning in India”, according to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI).  According to IEI, he is best known for his discourse “Planned Economy for India and Reconstructing India”, a first-of-its-kind to describe the country’s planning efforts.

Taking to twitter, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said: "I salute all engineers on #EngineersDay & appreciate their paramount role in the development of our nation."

He also tweeted: "Tributes to Bharat Ratna M. Visvesvaraya on his birth anniversary. An exemplary engineer himself, he is a source of immense inspiration."

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The world celebrates Engineer's Day to acknowledge the contributions of engineers in the development of a nation. Different countries celebrate the day on different dates.

 

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