India mounted a positive reply after Steve Smith's unbeaten 178 and Glenn Maxwell's maiden century powered Australia to a series-high 451 on day two of the third test on Friday.
Lokesh Rahul made an elegant 67, his fourth half-century in five innings, before Pat Cummins dismissed him in the paceman's first Test after more than five years in the wilderness.
India were 120 for one at close, still 331 behind, with Murali Vijay unbeaten on 42 and Cheteshwar Pujara on 10.
Indian skipper Virat Kohli, who did not take the field since sustaining a shoulder injury in Thursday's second session, is expected to bat.
Earlier, lion-hearted left-arm spinner Ravindra Jadeja bowled the bulk of the overs to claim 5-124 and effected a spectacular run-out to wrap up Australia's first innings.
After Australia had resumed on 299-4, paceman Umesh Yadav broke Maxwell's bat in two with the very first delivery but could not really unsettle the batsman.
The normally swashbuckling Maxwell assiduously inched his way to become the second Australian cricketer after Shane Watson to score a century in all three formats.
After reaching his hundred with a fierce cut that flew through the slips for his ninth boundary, Maxwell looked quite overwhelmed by the achievement as he embraced Smith with a huge bear hug, took off his helmet and kissed the badge.
He added four more runs to his score before edging Jadeja to wicketkeeper Wriddhiman Saha for 104. Maxwell also hit two sixes and faced 185 balls in his four-hour vigil, the longest he has spent at the crease in an international match.
Steve Smith scores century and puts Australia in strong position on day 2 of 3rd test against India (WION)