WION New Delhi, Delhi, India
Dec 01, 2016, 08.48 AM
The oil cartel OPEC has agreed to its first production cut in eight years.
Ministers confirmed the cut in oil production has been secured from 33.8 million barrels a day to 32.5 million barrels a day. This has been done to increase prices since they fell more than half since 2014.
There has been a conspicuous oversupply globally and the shale production in the US is booming. There is also a possibility of the US shale producers to increase output and fill in gaps in supply.
Oil prices surged post the announcement and beat trading volume records. Most experts feel the trend would remain modest by historical comparison as other producers will fill the gap unless decided otherwise in the next OPEC meeting.
As soon as the deal was announced, Brent crude saw an uptick of over 8 per cent trading at 50.12 dollars per barrel.
Russia, which is the non-OPEC member, will be reducing oil production by 300,000 per barrel per day. Iran has been exempted from this understanding.
All the OPEC member nations, 14 of them to be precise, will meet the non-OPEC producers on December 9th to assess how much each country will produce.
A wire report mentioned that Algeria, Venezuela and Kuwait have agreed to monitor compliance of the OPEC agreement.
Iraq will be reducing oil output by 200,000 barrels a day to around 4,350,000 barrels per day from January 2017.
According to analysts, Saudi Arabia's stagnating economy will stand to benefit from cuts and price hikes that follow.
The production cut is estimated to erase close to one per cent of oil output globally.
The pressure for the OPEC came in as globally there was an oversupply for over a decade that brought down the prices.
Impact on India:
India stands to be negatively impacted on the back of this agreement. India is the fourth largest importer of crude oil as it imports 85 per cent of total oil and 95 per cent of gas from the OPEC nations.
The lower price of oil in the past immensely benefitted the Indian economy and helped patrol inflation. On the back of this deal, the fiscal deficit target and inflation will go through a cascading effect and stand to be impacted.
Global round up
OPEC TO REDUCE OUTPUT TO A RANGE OF 32.5-33.0 MILLION BARRELS PER DAY
OPEC ESTIMATES ITS CURRENT OUTPUT AT 33.24 MILLION BARRELS PER DAY.
MEETING ON DEC 9 TO DECIDE HOW MUCH EACH COUNTRY WILL PRODUCE
IRAN BEEN EXEMPTED FROM THIS UNDERSTANDING
POSSIBILITY OF US SHALE PRODUCERS TO INCREASE OUTPUT AND FILL IN GAPS IN SUPPLY.
SAUDI ARABIA'S STAGNATING ECONOMY TO BENEFIT FROM CUTS AND PRICE HIKE THAT FOLLOW