Lagarde was ordered to be tried for her role in making a 404 million Euro payout to businessman Bernard Tapie when she was finance minister
IMF chief Christine Lagarde was ordered Friday to stand trial in France over a massive state payout to a controversial tycoon when she was French economy minister, dealing a setback to her stellar career.
Frances highest appeals court dismissed Lagarde's challenge against the decision to try her for negligence in her handling of a dispute between a state-owned bank and businessman Bernard Tapie.
Tapie walked away with a staggering 404 million euros ($445 million) in compensation in 2008 after Lagarde ordered the long-running row over the sale of sports gear giant Adidas to be resolved by arbitration.
Friday's ruling means the 60-year-old IMF chief will go before a special tribunal that hears cases against government ministers accused of wrongdoing in the discharge of their duties. The ruling is a blow to the IMF boss, who insists she acted in France's best interests in the case.
Lagarde has denied any wrongdoing or that she acted on orders from then president Nicolas Sarkozy, of whom Tapie was a supporter. In an interview with AFP in Washington earlier this month she insisted she had a "clear conscience". "Ive always acted in accordance with the law, and I`ve always had in mind the public interest.
"It was not my duty to select the arbitration panel, to investigate their past and history, and I had no reason to doubt their probity and honesty," she said.
Investigating magistrates however found evidence of "serious negligence on the part of a minister tasked with conducting affairs of state" and in December ordered the case go to trial.
Lagarde appealed the decision, but her challenge was struck out Friday. If tried and convicted, she risks up to a year in prison and a fine of 15,000 euros.
IMF firmly backs Christine Lagarde
The International Monetary Fund expressed firm backing for Lagarde. "The executive board has been briefed on recent developments related to this matter, and continues to express its confidence in the Managing Director's ability to effectively carry out her duties," said IMF spokesman Gerry Rice.
The case was well known to the Fund's executive directors during her first term leading the Washington-based institution, and they have consistently expressed support for and confidence in her.
Rice said in an emailed statement that it would "would not be appropriate" for the IMF to comment on the case itself.
Lagarde was placed under formal investigation in 2014 over her handling of a long-running dispute with Tapie, who claimed he was defrauded by the state-controlled bank Credit Lyonnais in its handling of his sale of Adidas in the 1990s. The case against Lagarde stems from her decision to allow the row be settled by arbitration instead of by the courts, which would likely have resulted in a much smaller bill for the state.
Prosecutors have also questioned her failure to challenge the massive award. A court has since found the arbitration to be fraudulent because one of the arbitrators had links to 73-year-old Tapie.
The ruling comes just days after she began her second term as head of the institution, where she has been hailed as both a tough negotiator and a skilled consensus-builder.
She will be the third successive head of the Washington-based lender to face trial.
Her predecessor, compatriot Dominique Strauss-Kahn, was acquitted of pimping by a French court last year, four years after he resigned his IMF post to fight separate sexual assault allegations.
Spain's former IMF chief Rodrigo Rato has also been ordered to stand trial for misusing funds when he was head of Spanish lender Bankia.
The former corporate lawyer became the first woman to head the IMF when she replaced Strauss-Kahn in July 2011.